Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones Kibo,
Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa and
the highest single free-standing mountain in the world, with its summit of 5,895 metres
(19,341 ft) above sea level and at about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) high from its plateau base.
Kilimanjaro is also the fourth most topographically prominent peak on Earth. The first people known to have reached the summit of the mountain were Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller, in 1889. The mountain is part of Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination. Because of its shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields, the mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies
Kibo is the largest cone on the mountain and is more than 24 km (15 mi) wide at the Saddle
Plateau altitude. Kibo still has gas-emitting fumaroles in its crater.Kibo is capped by an
almost symmetrical cone with escarpments rising 180 to 200 metres (590 to 660 ft) on the south
side. These escarpments define a 2.5-kilometre-wide (1.6 mi) caldera caused by the collapse of
Within this caldera is the Inner Cone and within the crater of the Inner Cone is the Reusch Crater, which the Tanganyika government in 1954 named after Gustav Otto Richard Reusch, upon his climbing the mountain for the 25th time (out of 65 attempts during his lifetime). The Ash Pit, 350 metres (1,150 ft) deep, lies within the Reusch Crater. About 100,000 years ago, part of Kibo's crater rim collapsed, creating the area known as the Western Breach and the Great Barranco.
The origin of the name Kilimanjaro is not known, but a number of theories exist. European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that Kilimanjaro was the mountain's Swahili name. The 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopedia also records the name of the mountain as Kilima-Njaro.
Johann Ludwig Krapf wrote in 1860 that Swahilis along the coast called the mountain Kilimanjaro. Although he did not offer any support. he claimed that Kilimanjaro meant either mountain of greatness or mountain of caravans. Under the latter meaning, kilima meant mountain and jaro meant caravans. Jim Thompson claimed in 1885, again without support. that the term Kilima-Njaro "has generally been understood to mean" the mountain (kilima) of greatness (njaro). He also suggested "though not improbably it may mean" the white mountain.
Njaro is an ancient Kiswahili word for shining. Similarly, Krapf wrote that a chief of the wakamba people whom he visited in 1849, "had been to Jagga and had seen the Kima jajeu, mountain of whiteness, the name given by the Wakamba to Kilimanjaro. More correctly in the Kikamba language this would be kiima kyeu, and this possible derivation has been popular with several investigators.
Others have assumed that kilima is Kiswahili for mountain. The problem with this assumption is that kilima actually means hill and is, therefore, the diminutive of mlima, the proper Kiswahili word for mountain. However, that an early European visitor, whose knowledge of [Kiswahili] was not extensive, changed mlima to kilima by analogy with the two Wachagga names: Kibo and Kimawenzi. A different approach is to assume that the kileman part of Kilimanjaro comes from the Kichagga kileme, which means that which defeats, or kilelema, which means that which has become difficult or impossible. The jaro part would "then be derived from njaare, a bird; or, according to other informants, a leopard; or, possibly from jyaro, a caravan". Considering that the name Kilimanjaro has never been current among the Wachagga people, it is possible that the name was derived from Wachagga saying that the mountain was unclimbable, kilemanjaare or kilemajyaro, and porters misinterpreting this as being the name of the mountain.
In the 1880s, the mountain became a part of German East Africa and was called Kilima-Ndscharo in German following the Kiswahili name components. On 6 October 1889, Hans Meyer reached the highest summit on the crater ridge of Kibo. He named it Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze (Kaiser Wilhelm peak). That name was used until Tanzania was formed in 1964. when the summit was renamed Uhuru Peak, meaning freedom peak in Kiswahili.
I did the Marangu Route with African Traces at the end of December 2020. For me the most important thing in the experience was the safety of my self and my team, what i can say its that my guide was checking up on me every hour and at the beginning and the end of every day we did a-lot of checks and test with a form which gave me a-lot of confidence for my situation. see more
New Plymouth, New Zealand
I did the 8 day Lemosho route with the addition of the Western Breach and a night in the crater over NYE 2021. African Traces customized my trip to be exactly what I wanted it to be! Even tayored a gluten and dairy free meal plan while on the mountain which was so appreciated. The food was fantastic, my team was amazing‐ upbeat and helpful at every turn. see more
We were traveling for 7 days safari with Marco and Tony. The best experience I’ve could ever get!-great and interesting explanations.,-flexibility about the things we want to see.-the lodges was great, more than I thought it should be specially the guest house in Serengeti.-the food was amazing, I’m vegetarian and it was delicious for me. see more
I went for a 3 days safari in Serengeti and Ngorongoro national park with African Traces and I just loved it. Marco took care of me as I was solo traveller. He picked me up from the airport and helped to buy a bus tickets after Safari. And the safari tour was amazing, good car, good food and guide who was speaking English very well so he told us many interesting things about animals. see more
We contact Marko Mtui from African Traces about a month and a half before our trip to Tanzania in order to book ourself a safari trip. Marko was very communicative and answered all our questions and wonderings.
We checked a few Safari operators in Tanzania and decided to go with African Traces (which had the best "value for money" proposal and a lot of great reviews), and we couldn't choose better!
Ich bin derzeit auf Weltreise und habe Marko und African Traces von einem anderen Reisenden empfohlen bekommen. Wir hatten unsere Kili-Tour (leider) schon woanders gebucht, eine Safari sollte noch Folgen.
Die Nummer per Whatsapp kontaktiert und es hat vom ersten Moment an gestimmt. Marko weiss was die Kunden wollen. Weiterlesen